Today, when connecting GPS services, agricultural enterprises prefer comprehensive services, which, in addition to controlling the movement of equipment, fuel consumption, the operation of trailed mechanisms, includes the formation of databases on treated hectares, the distribution of fuel for moving and working, and provides information on the performance of work in section of agricultural operations, fields, equipment, machine operators and allows you to implement precision farming.
Information technologies has already firmly entered in the everyday life of farmers and is an integral part of any modern agricultural enterprise. One of the most popular tools is agricultural scouting, which is a procedure for collecting information directly in the field in accordance with the specified parameters and serves to monitor the status of crops. Inspections of the field allow not only to determine the stages of plant development on the BBCH scale, soil condition, the presence of diseases, foci of spread of weeds or pests, but also to control the quality of performed work on the field and to form recommendations for its further processing.
Digitalization of a land bank using the Soft.Farm web service has greatly simplified cadastral accounting for farmers. The introduction of such a system made it possible to reduce all leased land plots on a map and visualize their location, which made it possible to carry out operational monitoring of land bank changes and carry out its planning. Due to the quality of registration of lease agreements, the status of land plots and their registration becomes clear, lease terms, legal frameworks and, as a result, possible risks are indicated.
For effective management of an agricultural enterprise, you need to know the structure of your fields and their exact area. Very often, old paper maps or data from cadastral plans are used for work, which have not been updated for a long time and do not always correspond to reality. Inaccurate information on the size of cultivated land can distort information about crop yields, complicate cadastral registration, field work planning, etc.
For operational monitoring of the state of crops, the technology for monitoring changes in the vegetation index, which was obtained by analyzing satellite images, has long been used.The spectral reflectivity of vegetation is characterized by large differences in the reflection of radiation of different wavelengths; therefore, knowledge of the relationship between the structure and state of vegetation and its spectral reflectivity allows the use of satellite images to map and identify types of vegetation and their states.